July 13, 2018 10:38 am | by Loren
At the end of financial year whether you are in Australia, New Zealand or anywhere in the world, all companies have tax obligations. The requirement to produce your Profit & Loss and Balance Sheet at the end of the financial year is mandatory for all businesses and organisations.
A financial year (or fiscal year, or sometimes budget year) is the period used by governments and their tax agencies for accounting and budget purposes, which vary between countries. It is also used for financial reporting by business and other organizations. Laws in many tax jurisdictions/countries require company financial reports to be prepared and published on an annual basis, but generally do not require the reporting period to align with the calendar year. The End of Financial Year (EOFY) is the date that marks the end of the financial year.
The calendar year is used as the financial year by about two thirds of publicly traded companies in the United States and for a majority of large corporations in the UK and elsewhere, with notable exceptions being in Australia, New Zealand and Japan. In Australia the End of Financial year generally falls on June 30th, New Zealand ends their financial year on March 31st. Some organisations and companies follow the USA end their financial year which is often on the same day of the week each year, for example, the Friday closest to 31 December. Under such a system, some fiscal years will have 52 weeks and others 53 weeks.
Taxation laws generally require accounting records to be maintained and taxes calculated annually, which usually corresponds to the financial year used by the government. The calculation of tax on an annual basis is especially relevant for direct taxation, such as company income tax. Many annual government fees and levies—such as Council rates, licence fees, etc. are also calculated on a financial year basis, while others are charged on an anniversary basis.
Many educational institutions have a financial year which ends during the summer to align with the academic year (and, in some cases involving public universities, with the state government’s financial year), and because the university is normally less busy during the summer months. In the northern hemisphere this is July to the next June. In the southern hemisphere this is calendar year, January to December. Some media/communication-based organisations use a broadcast calendar as the basis for their fiscal year.
Whatever the size of your business and tax obligations, you must report and pay any amount due to the ATO, this includes Superannuation and GST, VAT or Sales Tax reporting. It is essential to lodge tax return accurately in order to achieve the maximum business offset and possibly even receive a tax refund.
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